Coastal biodiversity conservation through creating AIG facilities
Implementing Entity : Uttaran and CFSD Consortium
Location : Uttaran at Satkhira and CFSD Consortium at Paikgachha, Khulna
Duration : 4 Years (November 2006 to October 2010)
Budget : BDT. 8,000,000 (USD 1.00 = BDT 69.00 approx.)
Context :

The coastal area is very vast, have wide diversity of flora and fauna. Also there are local variation on abundance and intensity of species. There are many economic species, which are also endangered. At present some high value species like shrimp fry; shellfish, mud crab and fry of other fish are endangered. These are primarily located in few specific locations of the coast. The livelihood of the people living in the coastal fragile ecosystem are very vulnerable and over 70% of the people earn less than a dollar per day. The hardcore poor people are also suffering from malnutrition and variety of diseases. The biodiversity assets which are at the verge of extinction could be managed as a source of alternative income for better livelihood. This might require empowerment of poor coastal people and restoration of coastal habitat with diversity of alternative income generating activities.

Objectives :
  1. Conserve coastal biodiversity.
  2. Involve poor people in the coastal biodiversity conservation activities.
  3. Improve livelihood of the poor people through income generation activities (IGA).
  4. Enrich the ecosystem of the coastal region.
Main Activities :
  1. Benchmark survey, community mobilization, group formation, species identification and selection for establishing coastal natural resource based enterprises for AIG.
  2. Conservation approach for indigenous fauna and flora.
  3. Awareness building among the community, promotional activities for sales and distributions.
  4. Promotion of marketing channel for the produces.
  5. Develop and distribution of booklets & leaflets on importance of improving the ecosystem.
Progress/Achievements (as of June 2011) :

Uttaran has been working with 40 groups, with an apex body, involving 1000 farm families, who have planted 19,000 saplings of 26 different species (fruit and timber trees) in their homesteads. The participants have also established 14 km strip plantations on canal and river banks with 3 mangrove species namely keora (90%), baen and goran. Uttaran has provided skill development training on livestock rearing, poultry rearing, vegetables cultivation in homesteads, and planting and management of trees to 420 participants and has established a revolving fund amounting to BDT 850,000 at the apex body of the groups to provide credit support to the group members for AIG activities. The loans from the revolving funds are interest-free but the borrowers are required to plant at least 5 endangered plants in their own lands per BDT 1,000 borrowed. About 400 project participants (40%) are now involved in various AIGAs, the major ones being vegetable cultivation in homesteads (121) and rice cultivation on leased lands (60). Other AIGAs include cow rearing/beef fattening (33), goat rearing (31), duck rearing (31), crab fattening (22), quail (bird) rearing (18), trading of fish fry (25), other small-scale businesses (14), Paniphal (an aquatic fruit) cultivation (11), poultry rearing (8) and nursery (5 participants).

The CFSD project (completed in March 2010) conducted intensive awareness campaign among the community members on the needs and ways to conserve local biodiversity and adopt alternative income generation activities. It organized 250 poor households into 10 groups and mentored them to undertake participatory actions towards biodiversity conservation and livelihood adaptation. The participants have planted about 6,500 saplings, mostly of fruit trees (mango, guava, sapota, kathbael, jujube, etc.) in their homesteads and about 2,500 saplings of two mangrove species, keora (Sonneratia apetala) and baen (Avicennia officinalis) on dikes of shrimp farms (in 2008). The project participants established revolving funds Arannayk Foundation Annual Report 2010 at the group level through self-contributions (monthly savings) of the members to support AIGAs at group or individual level. Organizing themselves in 4 groups for a special AIG venture, 230 participants undertook crab fattening business and in 3 - 4 month’s time the groups earned BDT 10,000 - BDT 22,000 net profit. Moreover, some of the participants undertook other AIGAs such as vegetable cultivation, fresh water fish cultivation in paddy fields and cultivation of ‘Mele’ ( a kind of sedge plant that is used for mat-making).To help the community tackle crisis of drinking water in the dry season, the project established 10 rainwater harvest devices, one per group, for storing rainwater during rainy season.

Contact us

Phone: +880-2-8711240
Fax: +880-2-8711592
Address: House# 21, Western Road, DOHS, Banani. Dhaka - 1206, Bangladesh

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