Forest biodiversity statistics

Forests of Bangladesh: An Overview

The total area of forest land is 2.53 million hectares representing about 17.5% of the country's area. Bangladesh Forest Department manages 1.53 million hectares of forest land. Following is a description of the forest area of Bangladesh and forest land managed by the Forest Department.

Table: Forest Area of Bangladesh
Forest types Area (m. ha.) % with respect to country's area
FD managed Forests 1.53 10.54%
Un-classed State Forests 0.73 5.07%
Village Forests 0.27 1.88%
Total 2.53 17.49%
Table: Forest Department Managed Forest Land
Forest types Area (m. ha.) % with respect to country's area
Hill Forests 0.67 4.65%
Natural Mangrove Forests 0.60 4.09%
Mangrove Plantations 0.14 0.97%
Sal Forests 0.12 0.83%
Total 1.53 10.54%
Table: Forest Types of Bangladesh
Forest types Total Area (m. ha.) Area under tree cover (m. ha.) % of total land under tree cover
Hill Forest 1.40 0.33 2.3
Mangrove Forests 0.74 0.46 3.2
Sal Forests 0.12 0.05 0.3
Village Forests 0.27 0.27 1.9

Protected Areas of Bangladesh

For conserving bio-diversity and natural environment of all forest types and bioecological zones 16 protected areas have been established so far according to the provision of Bangladesh Wildlife preservation order, 1973 covering an area of 2,41,675 hectares.

Table: List of Protected Areas
Sl. No. Protected Areas Forest Types Bio-ecological zones Area (ha.) Established
A) National Parks
1 Bhawal National Park Sal forest 3 5,022 1974/1982
2 Modhupur national Park Sal forest 3 8,436 1962/1982
3 Ramsagar National Park Sal forest 1 27.75 2001
4 Himchari National Park Hill forest 9a 1,729 1980
5 Lawachara National Park Hill forest 9b 1,250 1996
6 Kaptai National Park Hill forest 9a 5,464 1999
7 Nijhum Dweep National Park Coastal mangrove 8b 16,352 2001
8 Medha Kachapia National Park Hill forest 9a 396 2004
B) WILD LIFE SANCTUARIES
9 Rema-Kalenga Wildlife Sanctuary (WS) Hill forest 9b 1,795 1996
10 Char Kukri-Mukri WS Coastal mangrove 8b 40 1981
11 Sundarbans (East) WS Natural mangrove 7a 31,226 1960/1996
12 Sundarbans (West) WS Natural mangrove 7a 71,502 1996
13 Sundarbans (South) WS Natural mangrove 7a 36,970 1996
14 Pablakhali WS Hill forest 9a 42,087 1962/1983
15 Chunati WS Hill forest 9a 7,761 1986
C) GAME RESERVE
16 Teknaf Game Reserve Hill forest 9a 11,615 1983

Bio-Diversity

Because of its geographical settings and climatic, characteristics, Bangladesh is very rich in floral and faunal diversity, Table below gives an idea about extent of bio-diversity in Bangladesh.

Table: Extent of Biodiversity
Category Total Number of Species
Flora
Angiosperms 5,000
Gymnosperms 5
Algae/Seaweed 168
Fauna
Sponges 3
Corals 66
Mollusks 362
  Marine 336
  Freshwater 26
Insects 2,493
Mites 19
Shrimp/prawns 56
Crabs 15
  Marine 11
  Freshwater 4
Lobsters 3
Echinoderms 4
Fish 708
  Marine 442
  Freshwater 266
Amphibians 22
Reptiles 126
  Marine 17
  Inland 109
Birds 628
Mammals 113
  Marine 3
  Inland 110

Source: MoEF 2002

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